Kathmandu is the capital city of Nepal. It is the largest city in Nepal. It is also the largest metropolis in the region. Nepali is the most spoken language in this popular city. Kathmandu is known as the City of Temples. The valley in which it is located is historically termed as “Nepal Mandala”. It has been the home of Newar culture, a cosmopolitan urban civilization in the Himalayas foothills. The city was the well known royal capital of the Kingdom of Nepal. It hosts palaces, mansions, and gardens of the Nepalese aristocracy.
Swayambhunath is an ancient religious architecture. It is located at a hill in the Kathmandu Valley, west of Kathmandu city. The Tibetan name for the site literally stands for ‘Sublime Trees’. It is so because of the many varieties of trees found on the hill. The complex consists of a stupa. It also comprises of a variety of shrines and temples. A Tibetan monastery, museum, and library have been added recently. The stupa has Buddha’s eyes and eyebrows that have been painted on it.
2. Pashupatinath Temple
The Pashupatinath Temple is a famous and sacred Hindu temple that is worshipped by many followers. It is located on the banks of the Bagmati River. The temple is dedicated to Lord Pashupatinath. This temple complex has been listed on the UNESCO World Heritage Sites. This “Hindu temple precinct” is a “beautiful collection of temples, ashrams etc.”. These have been raised over the centuries along the banks of the sacred Bagmati river. It is included in UNESCO’s designation of Kathmandu Valley as a cultural heritage site. One of the major Festivals that is celebrated in the temple is Maha Shivaratri.
3. Kathmandu Durbar Square
Kathmandu Durbar Square is in front of the old royal palace that belonged to the former Kathmandu Kingdom. It is one of three Durbar Squares in Kathmandu. All of these squares are UNESCO World Heritage Sites. Several buildings in the Square collapsed due to a major earthquake in 2015. This Square held the palaces of the Malla and Shah kings. Along with these palaces, the square surrounds quadrangles, revealing many beautiful courtyards and temples. It is known as Hanuman Dhoka Durbar Square. This name was derived from a statue of Hanuman, the monkey devotee of Lord Ram, at the entrance of the palace.
Thamel is the city’s main nightlife zone. It is a buzzing, visitor-friendly area. Bars blast out live music by cover bands. Lively eateries serve Nepalese and international dishes. It was designed in 1920. The stately Garden of Dreams is dotted with pavilions, beautiful fountains, and urns. Markets and stores sell metal handicrafts, colorful jewelry, and trekking gear. Destrianized Mandala Street has upmarket shops and spas.
5. Garden of Dreams
The Garden of Dreams is also known as the Garden of Six Seasons. It is a neo-classical garden in Kaiser Mahal Kathmandu, Nepal. It was built-in 1920. It was designed by Kishore Narshingh. It consists of 6,895 square meters of gardens with three pavilions, an amphitheater, ponds, pergolas, and urns. Garden, which featured a design inspired by the Edwardian style, was considered as one of the most sophisticated private gardens. Landscape architect Kishore Narshingh designed and supervised the construction of this beautiful Garden of Dreams.
6. Hanuman Dhoka
Hanuman Dhoka is a combination of structures with the Royal Palace of the Malla kings. It also consists of the Shah dynasty in the Durbar Square of central Kathmandu, Nepal. It is spread over a massive area of five acres. The Hanuman Dhoka Palace is named after the stone image of Hanuman, the Hindu deity. It sits near the main entryway. The “Hanuman Dhoka” or Hanuman Gate, is located on the west side of the Durbar Square.
7. Narayanhiti Palace
Narayanhiti Palace or Narayanhiti Durbar is a palace in Kathmandu. It long served as a residence and principal workplace of the reigning monarch of the Kingdom of Nepal. The palace was the center of state occasions and royal hospitality. It is incorporated in an impressive and vast array of courtyards, gardens, and buildings. The Durbar was built by King Mahendra. It was built in 1963.
Boudhanath is a magnificent stupa in Kathmandu, Nepal. It is located about 11 km from the center and northeastern outskirts of Kathmandu. The stupa’s massive mandala makes it one of the largest spherical stupas that can be found in Nepal. It is one of the largest unique beautiful and magnificent structure stupas in the world. Boudha Stupa is a UNESCO World Heritage Site. Along with Swayambhu, it is one of the most popular tourist sites in the Kathmandu area that is popular among foreign tourists too.