Assam is a state of India. It is well known for its wildlife, archeological sites and tea plantations. In the west, Guwahati, Assam’s largest city, hosts silk bazaars and also has the hilltop, Kamakhya Temple. Umananda Temple has been established on Peacock Island that exists in the Brahmaputra river. Dispur, the state capital, is a suburb of Guwahati. The ancient pilgrimage site of Hajo and Madan Kamdev, the ruins of a temple complex are major areas of tourism.
1. Kaziranga National Park
Kaziranga National Park is a protected area of Assam. Across the floodplains of the Brahmaputra River, there exists forests, wetlands, and grasslands. These are home to tigers, elephants and the world’s largest population of Indian one-horned rhinoceroses. Ganges River dolphins can be seen in the park’s waters. It’s visited by many rare migratory birds, and gray pelicans roost near Kaziranga village and is, therefore, an important National Park.
2. Kamakhya Temple
The Kamakhya Temple is also known as Kamrup-Kamakhya temple, Kamakhya Devalaya. It is a Hindu temple dedicated to the Hindu goddess Kamakhya. It is one of the oldest of the 51 Shakti Pithas that are worshipped by many Hindus. It is the main temple in a complex of individual temples. It is dedicated to the ten Mahavidyas of Saktism. Among these, Tripurasundari, Matangi, and Kamala are the ones which reside inside the main temple. Whereas the other seven reside in individual temples. It is an important pilgrimage destination for Hindus.
3. Pobitora Wildlife Sanctuary
Pabitora Wildlife Sanctuary is a wildlife reserve in the Morigaon district. This district is situated in the state of Assam in India. The Sanctuary is about 48 km by road from the place of Guwahati. It has a dense population of the Great Indian one-horned rhinoceros and efforts are being made to preserve them. It covers a large area of 38.8 km2. Pobitora was declared a reserved forest in 1971. It was declared a wildlife sanctuary in 1987. It covers flat flood plains and also a hillock (Raja Mayong).
4. Dibru-Saikhowa National Park
Dibru-Saikhowa National Park is a famous national park in Assam, a state in India. It is located in Dibrugarh and Tinsukia districts. It was designated a Biosphere Reserve in July 1997. It covers an area of 765 km². The park is bounded by the Brahmaputra and Lohit rivers. It mainly consists of moist mixed semi-evergreen forests, canebrakes, grasslands, etc. It is one of the largest swamp forests in north-eastern India. It has a tropical monsoon climate that is assisted with a hot and wet summer and cool and usually dry winter. It is a haven for many endangered species and rich in marine diversity.
5. Assam State Zoo Cum Botanical Garden
The Assam State Zoo cum Botanical Garden is the largest of its kind. It is located in the North East region. It is spread across 432 acres. The zoo is situated within the Hengrabari Reserved Forest at Guwahati, India. The zoo is home to nearly 900 animals, birds, and reptiles. They represent almost 113 species of animals and birds from all around the world.
6. Umananda Temple
Umananda Devaloi is a Shiva temple. It is located at Peacock Island in the middle of the river Brahmaputra. It was constructed by the King Gadadhar Singha. King was a devout Shaivaite. It is popular among people as the smallest inhabited riverine island in the world. Country boats are available on the bank of Brahmaputra and take the visitors to the island. The mountain on which the temple has been built is commonly known as Bhasmacala.
7. Assam State Museum
The Assam State Museum is located on the southern end of the Dighali Pukhuri tank. This is in the heart of Guwahati city, Assam. The Museum was set up by the Kamarupa Anusandhan Samiti. It was established in the year 1940. Kanklal Baruah was the founder and president. It was taken over by the State Government in 1953. The exhibits of the Museum are displayed under different sections like Epigraphy, Sculptures, Natural History, art and crafts, Anthropology & Folk Art & Arms section. The sculptures that are there in the Assam region fall into four principal categories – stone, wood, metal, and terracotta. The collections are very rare.
8. Srimanta Sankardev Kalakshetra
Srimanta Sankaradev Kalakshetra is commonly known as Kalakshetra. It is a cultural institution in the Panjabari area of Guwahati, Assam. It has been named after the medieval poet-playwright Srimanta Sankardev. This place comprises of a cultural museum, library and various facilities for preserving, demonstrating and performing cultural items. It is also a children’s park. It is Northeast India’s largest cultural congregation. It is one of a major tourist spot in Guwahati. It was built in the 1990s. It is the artistic excellence of Assam and the rest of the north-eastern region is displayed here. There are eateries, places of worship, open-air theatres, etc. within the sprawling premises.
9. Orang National Park
The Orang National Park is also known as Rajiv Gandhi Orang National Park. It is situated on the northside of the Brahmaputra River in the Darrang and Sonitpur districts that are in Assam, India. It covers a large area of 78.81 square kilometers. It was established as a sanctuary in 1985. It was declared as a national park in 1999.The park has a rich flora and fauna. This includes great Indian one-horned rhinoceros, pygmy hog, elephants, wild buffalo, and tigers. It is the only stronghold of rhinoceros near the Brahmaputra river.
10. Umananda Island
Umananda Island is the smallest river island in the midst of the river Brahmaputra. The river flows through the city of Guwahati in Assam, India. The British named the island Peacock Island because of its structure.