Bihar is a state in East India. It is divided by the River Ganges. This river floods its fertile plains. Important Buddhist pilgrimage sites that are visited by many tourists include the Bodhi Tree in Bodhgaya’s Mahabodhi Temple, under which the Buddha allegedly meditated. In Patna, Mahavir Mandir temple is revered by Hindus. Sikhs worship at the riverside Gurdwara of Takht Sri Harmandir Sahib Ji.
1. Mahabodhi Temple
The Mahabodhi Temple has been listed under the UNESCO World Heritage Site. It is an ancient, but much rebuilt and restored, a Buddhist temple in Bodh Gaya. It marks the location where the Buddha has attained enlightenment. Bodh Gaya is around 96 km from Patna. The site comprises of Bodhi Tree under which Buddha gained enlightenment. It has been a major pilgrimage destination for Hindus and Buddhists.
2. Giant Buddha
The Giant Buddha statue is one of the stops in the Buddhist pilgrimage. It has famous tourist routes in Bodhgaya, Bihar. The statue is 19.507 m high. It is in meditation pose or dhyana mudra. The statue is seated on a lotus in the open air. It took seven years to complete the statue. It was done with the help of 12,000 masons.
3. Golghar, Patna
The Golghar is a huge granary that is located to the west of the Gandhi Maidan in Patna, capital of Bihar state. As suggested by the contemporary inscription at its base, the Golghar was intended to be just the first of a series of huge grain stores. But in the end, no others were ever built. The granary was a part of a general plan for the continuous prevention of famine in these provinces. Its making was ordered in 1784 by Warren Hastings, the then Governor-General of India.
4. Patna Museum
Patna Museum is the state museum of Bihar. It was started in April 1917. That time there was British Raj. It was done to house the historical artifacts found in the vicinity of Patna. It is in the style of Mughal and Rajput architecture. This museum is known locally as the Jadu Ghar. The Museum was constructed by the British to conserve and to have a good display of the historical artifacts. The idea to have a museum arose in 1912. This took place after Bihar and Bengal were separated.
5. Barabar Caves
The Barabar Hill Caves are the oldest rock-cut caves surviving in India. They date back from the Maurya Empire, some with Ashokan inscriptions, located in the Makhdumpur region of Jehanabad district, Bihar. These caves are situated in the twin hills. These hills are Barabar (four caves) and Nagarjuni (three caves). These rock-cut chambers date back to the 3rd century BCE, period of Ashoka.
6. Sanjay Gandhi Jaivik Udyan
Sanjay Gandhi Jaivik Udyan is located off Bailey Road in Patna. The park was opened as a zoo for public. It was started in 1973. The park is Patna’s most frequented picnic spot. It has more than 36,000 visitors on New Year’s Day. The park was first established as a botanical garden in the year 1969. The then Governor of Bihar, Sri Nityanand Kanungo, provided almost 34 acres of land from the Governor House campus for this beautiful garden.
7. Patna Sahib Gurudwara – JanhitGurbaani
Takht Sri Patna Sahib also famously known as the Harmandir Sahib, is a Gurdwara in the neighborhood of Patna Sahib. It was to commemorate the birthplace of Guru Gobind Singh who is the tenth Guru of the Sikhs on December 1666.
8. Mahatma Gandhi Setu
Mahatma Gandhi Setu is a very large bridge over the river Ganges. It connects Patna and Hajipur in Bihar. Its length is 5,750 meters. It is the second-longest river bridge in India. It was inaugurated on May 1982 by the then Prime Minister, Mrs. Indira Gandhi. The bridge was provided with approval by the Central Government in 1969. It was built by Gammon India Limited. It took over a period of ten years, from 1972 to 1982 with a total expenditure of Rs 87.22 crore at that time to make it.
9. Funtasia Water Park
Funtasia Water Park is an amusement water park located in Patna. The park contains several beautiful attractions such as numerous water slides, water playgrounds, etc.. The park is the first water park that was established in Bihar. The park is administered by Mumbai-based Takshila Seas & Resorts Private Limited. The water theme park is located on the New Bypass road.
10. Bihar Museum
Bihar Museum is a good museum located in Patna. It was opened in August 2015. ‘The children’s museum’, the main entrance area, and an orientation theatre were the only parts opened to the public at that time. Later, in the year 2017 remaining galleries were also opened. It remains closed on Monday. It opens on the rest of the days between 10:30 am to 5 pm. It was planned as a history museum.